Diseases of stomach acid or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is a fairly common problem in society. This condition is caused by acid reflux to the esophagus and cause heartburn pain or burning sensation in the chest. Esophagus, also known as the esophagus is part of the digestive tract that connects the mouth and stomach.
Rising Causes Stomach Acid or GERD
Disease or GERD gastric acid is commonly caused by a malfunction of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). LES is a muscular ring at the bottom of the esophagus. LES serves as an automatic door that opens when food or drink down to the stomach. After the entry of food, the LES closes to prevent food and acid in the stomach so as not climb back up to the esophagus or esophagus.
Disease Stomach Acid-Alodokter
If the LES does not become loose and does not close properly, gastric acid can get out of the stomach and cause disease stomach acid. The cause of the disease is usually associated gastric acid by a factor of overweight, pregnant, or consumption of foods containing a lot of fat.
Symptoms of GERD is felt a burning sensation in the chest or heartburn. As a result, we will feel uncomfortable after eating food.
Mouth and esophagus also will feel uncomfortable. We will also experience pain and difficulty swallowing food. Seriously care would be required if symptoms of GERD above appear continuously.
Diagnosis of Gastric Acid or GERD
To diagnose disease or GERD gastric acid, enough to ask the doctor the symptoms you are experiencing. Further studies to confirm the diagnosis can be done through endoscopy.
Endoscopy yourself using an instrument called an endoscope. A long flexible tube with a light and camera on the end. This tool is inserted through the mouth to see the cause of acid reflux and if there are cuts in the wall of the esophagus.
Treatment of Gastric Acid or GERD
Treatment of diseases of the stomach acid has stages. How early is the easiest thing to do is to replace the food menu, which is switching to a diet low in fat and nutritious. But when dietary changes are not successful, the drugs will be used to relieve symptoms are felt.
If the steps that have been undertaken treatment still does not work, surgery may be necessary to cope with GERD. For patients who experience disease relapse of stomach acid, may be given a dose of the drug for the long term.
Complications Due to Stomach Acid or GERD
Complications of gastric acid disease most often occurs is esophagitis. Esophagitis is an inflammation or inflammation of the wall of the esophagus or gullet. In cases of severe esophagitis, the patient will have difficulty swallowing due to the appearance of ulcers. Ulcers formed when layers of the esophageal wall eroded to become injured. In more severe cases, may develop cancer of the esophagus.